Animal Culture of Humboldt Bay

Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge
- Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge set up "to protect and enhance wetlands and bay habitats for migratory birds... and to protect endangered species and their habitats" (
- Currently has 2,200 acres of seasonal wetlands, salt marshes, grasslands2, open bay and mudflats
- Best time to view wildlife is at dawn and dusk

Bird Species of Humboldt Bay
There are over 450 species of birds that have been seen here!
*Pacific Brant*
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- This refuge is one of the most important places for these birds when migrating from Alaska
-Pacific Brant is a small goose

*California Brown Pelican*
- Listed as endangered in 1970
- Smallest of its species
- Prefer Rocky aquatic areas to nest - Such as the California coast
- Main Threat is: pesticides, disease and human interaction
*Gray Fox*
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- Prefer desert areas - but in Humboldt Bay they like "...wooded areas and among boulders on the slopes of rocky ridges"
- They are omnivores and eat anything from nuts to eggs

*River Otter*
- Part of the Martens family and love to swim and dive
- Since Otters where discovered by humans they have been hunted for their pelt but "...have few natural enemies, especially in water" (
- "Their fossils date back to Pleistocene period" ( this means they date back 2.588 million to 12,000 years ago

*California Sea Lion*

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- They are carnivores but their diets seem to range by the season (anything from bivalves to fish)
- "Prefer the colder temperature to sub-arctic waters of the North Pacific Ocean... are not known to migrate" (

- Threats: Generally humans (pollutants, habitat degradation, illegal hunting, fisheries, etc.)

*Pacific Fisher*- Listed as Endangered in 2000 due to forest logging and illegal trapping
- Part of the Weasel family
- Carnivores with a very diverse diet from fruit to porcupines, however "Fishers do not actually catch fish"
- The California Endangered Species Act is helping to protect this species and its envirnoment