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THE CALIFORNIA CULTURE OF MARIJUANA: The viability of Hemp
by: Michael Fajardo and Kalie Miller
If the country were to start cultivating hemp as a new form of farming, one might see that it can be used in many different everyday items
One way the plant is used in commercial products is through the pulling of the oil from the stalk and seeds
The oil is used in the manufacturing of paint, cooking utensils, plastics, and even for face creams
The fibers can be used in a wide array of items such as Hempcrete, which uses the hemp to make the concrete stronger
It is possible that with the cultivation of hemp would resolve the problem of leveling the rainforest in search of more wood
It was stated in 1916 in a USDA bulletin no
404 that one acre of cannabis hemp, in annual rotation over a 20-year period, would produce as much pulp for paper as 4
1 acres of trees being cut down over the same 20-year period
“This process would use only 1/4 to 1/7 as much polluting sulfur-based acid chemicals…”
- Jack Herer
This charts shows the top 20 agtriculture counties for the state. Some of those top counties fall into the southern half of the Central Valley. With this large number of ready, willing, and able people, there is no shortage of work.
Most of the land in the Central Valley is privately owned, and makes it appear much easier for farmers to choose their own crops as opposed to be guided by legislature and contracts from big business' and the government.
-The hemp plant is highly resistant to most insect and disease, largely eliminating the need for most (or all) pesticides and herbicides.
-No herbicides have been approved for industrial hemp. Early planting, as soon as the soil is warm enough, is a recommended weed control strategy.
-A normal stand of 200 to 300 plants per square meter shades out weeds, leaving the fields weed-free at harvest and covered in leaves that improve the soil in a self-mulching eco-system.
-Industrial hemp can be grown on a wide variety of soil types, but tends to grow best on land that produces high yields of corn.
-Hemp prefers a mild climate, humid atmosphere, and a rainfall of at least 25-30 inches per year.
-A hemp field produces a very large bulk of plant material in a short period of time. (Stalks can reach 15 feet tall in 70-90 growing days)
-Yields can reach between 3 to 7 tons of dry hemp fibre stalk per acre.
-HEMP IS THE NUMBER ONE biomass producer on planet earth: 10 tons per acre in approximately four months. It is a woody plant containing 77% cellulose. Wood produces 60% cellulose.
-Low abrasion means low impact on farm equipment and workers hands.
-Hemp was one of Canada's first agricultural exports when the fibre was sold to Britain and France for use in their navies. It was common practice for tracts of land to be issued to settlers in Canada on the provision that they grow hemp.
-During World War II the U.S. government relaxed the anti-hemp laws and spurred mid-western farmers to grow over a million acres of the plant for the war effort. “Hemp For Victory” was the name of the informational film made by U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1942. Decades later they denied they ever made the film. This was disproven by researchers in 1989 when they found evidence of it at the Library of Congress.
-Of all the hemp grown in Canada, almost all of it was for seed, oil and construction material. Little went to the fabric industry. Most fabric is imported from China and Europe.
This map is an outlay for the counties of the state.
The rainfall percentage in the lower half of the state hovers around 25 inches, and that is above the minimal amount marijuana needs to grow successfully; which is 15 inches of rain annually because of the long trained drought-resistant strain from the "Afghani" family.
This map displays the different crops around the valley and where they come from specifically and what farms produce what crops. Cotton is extremely harmful on the environment and would prove useful to utilize the fact that hemp has no current fertilizer that is widely advertised that has proved more harmful than cottons. In fact, Cotton is grown on less than 1% of the nations land but uses 50% of the nations fertilizer and pesticides ANNUALLY!
Compared to Cotton:
-Environmentally, hemp is a safer crop to grow than cotton. Cotton is a soil-damaging crop and needs a great deal of fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides.
-Cotton crops in the USA occupy 1% of the country’s farmland but use 50% of all pesticides. "The pesticides used on cotton, whether in the U.S. or oversees, are some of the most hazardous available today," says Doug Murray, Ph.D., a professor of sociology at Colorado State University who has studied pesticide use on cotton overseas.
-1 acre of hemp will produce as much as 2-3 acres of cotton.
-Hemp is 4 times warmer than cotton, 4 times more water absorbent, has 3 times the tensile strength of cotton. It is also many times more durable and is flame retardant.
-Many high fashion clothing manufacturers have produced clothes and footwear made with hemp. Some of these include: Nike, Converse, Armani, Patagonia, Polo Ralph Lauren, Oscar de la Renta and many more.
-Hemp fabrics were once far more expensive than cotton and other fabrics due to limited supply, but increased demand and availability in recent years have lowered the price considerably.
-Hemp breathes well and wicks moisture away from the body better than cotton.
-HT Naturals (Canada’s largest hemp t-shirt supplier) asserts that selecting their hemp/cotton blended t-shirt over an all-cotton t-shirt saves the environment 744 gallons of water. This company has recently partnered with Canada’s National Research Council to create Crailar an enzyme that will make hemp fibres as soft as cotton.
Statistics have shown that people who grow Marijuana or live in "marijuana counties" are much more open to the idea of commercially growing the product.
There are many different
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